Death is a factual reality that every human being must encounter. However one fundamental question runs through the minds of men, "what happens after death?" when we die is that the end of our existence or is there a continuous existence in another form? There have been various stories about events that seem to suggest that even after death though the body decays, the soul of the person leaves on. This immortality of the soul is either explained as in the case of most Africans, through ancestor-hood or through a transmigration of the soul of the deceased into another person often times a new born child (reincarnation).There are even some tales in extreme cases of people still having some form of contact with the ghosts of these deceased or even cases where the deceased is said to live another different life somewhere far from his previous life existence and then suddenly disappears when the secret of his death in a previous life is exposed. These mystery of reincarnation will be exposed with focus on the Yoruba people of South West Nigeria.
Leptadenia hastata (Pers.) Decne is a climbing, latex-containing herb that possesses anti-inflammatory actions and is applied ethnomedicinally in wound healing and treatment of rheumatic symptoms and skin disorders such as furuncles. This encouraged the present preliminary investigation into its effects on leukocyte migration, to serve as a basis for further analysis of the possible molecular and signaling mechanisms underlying its anti-inflammatory action. An understanding of the effects of leaf extracts of Leptadenia hastata on leukocytes, which are normally host to a lot of local soluble mediators of inflammation, can be particularly useful in the discovery of molecular targets for the development of new anti-inflammatory drugs. The present study have shown that the anti-inflammatory action of the Leptadenia hastata leaf could be partly mediated through inhibition of neutrophils. Thus, it may be safe to suggest that Leptadenia hastata leaf inhibits, the release of arachidonic acid from membranes, the expression of complimentary cell adhesion molecules and/or the expression of chemotactic/chemoattractant factors that may be crucial to neutrophil recruitment and transmigration.
At first glance, it is difficult to comprehend why East Timor is free and West Papua continues to be held by Indonesia. The human rights offenses these peoples have suffered include what appear to be acts of genocide (including hundreds of thousands of targeted deaths by the Indonesian military, and transmigration policies that have seen immigrants from other parts of Indonesia begin to outnumber the native populations). For years, their rights to self-determination were in effect ignored by the United Nations and overridden by Indonesia as will be described later. Appearances aside, there do exist factors that help to explain why East Timor is now recognized by the world and its former aggressor, Indonesia, as an independent nation, while for West Papua freedom is still elusive: Internal, domestic, and international factors all account for the political climate surrounding these movements.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The Ya''furiyya Shia (named for Muhammad ibn Ya''fur, to whom they were related) was a Ghulat sect of Shia Islam. The sect was also referred to as the Mu''ammariyya Shia. The Ya''furiyya believed in Reincarnation and a man named Mu''ammar al-Kufi to be their Lord. They believed that adultery, wine, amusements and all the other forbidden things (in Islam) to be lawful. According to the Ya''furiyya, the reason why Muhammad forbade these amusements and rewards was to prevent the Muslims from then thinking that they had achieved their reward in its complete entirety. This would have then made the Muslims commit fewer acts that would be worthy of the true worldly rewards (by way of the distractions of the amusements and rewards), and more acts that would result in the worldly punishments and transmigration of spirits into beast and reptiles. It would have also required the Muslims to work harder and do more good deeds to maintain their deserving position of the worldly rewards.
Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. The transmigration program (Indonesian: Transmigrasi) was an initiative of the Indonesian government to move landless people from densely populated areas of Indonesia to less populous areas of the country. This involved moving people permanently from the island of Java, but also to a lesser extent from Bali and Madura, to less densely populated areas including Papua, Kalimantan, Sumatra, and Sulawesi. The stated purpose of this program was to reduce the considerable poverty and overpopulation on Java, to provide opportunities for hard-working poor people, and to provide a workforce to better utilize the natural resources of the outer islands. The program, however, has been controversial with critics accusing the Indonesian government of trying to use these migrants to reduce the proportion of native populations in receiving areas, thus weakening separatist movements.
According to Jain cosmology, the universe is made up of six dravya (substances): sentient beings or souls (j va), non-sentient substance or matter (pudgala), principle of motion (dharma), the principle of rest (adharma), space ( k a) and time (k la). The latter five are united as the ajiva (the non-living). As per the Sanskrit etymology, dravya means substances or entity, but it may also mean real or fundamental categories. According to Jain philosophy, this universe consists of infinite jivas or souls which are uncreated and always existing. There are two main categories of souls: unliberated mundane embodied souls that are still subject to transmigration and rebirths in this samsara due to karmic bondage and the liberated souls that are free from birth and death. All souls are intrinsically pure but are found in bondage with karma since beginingless time. A soul has to make efforts to eradicate the karmas attain its true and pure form.
Limitations in the actual experimental techniques heavily depend on day to day advancement of theoretical paradigms as well as the philosophical concepts. Historically, they seem consequential, as opposed to the granted priority for targeted protocols. Recent development in Molecular biology is derived from common understanding towards frontier research efforts. Nevertheless, pre-tolerated cells by the immune system, together with those MSCs that circumvented RES (reticuloendothelial system) are prone to transmigration. The conclusive explanation for it remains elusive. Translucent efforts to characterize the cell had fostered appealing sorting measures of clinical relevance in evidence-based medical practice. The book sheds light on important studies that contribute to the better understanding of cell reprogramming mechanisms, being so essential in maintaining normal physiological, molecular and mechanical properties of stem cells. Manipulations of such processes become relevant in various disease states, such as in ammation, regeneration, cancer, etc.